Passive

Put each verb in brackets into a suitable passive form.

  • The dog on the corner (feed) __________ by my friend. (Present)

  • Police told me that this dog (find) __________ next to my house. (Past)

  • A bone (steal) __________ by our dog. (Present Perfect)

  • When I arrived I saw that the food (eat) __________ by your dog. (Past perfect)

  • Your dog (look after) __________ by me (Future, Will)

ANSWERS

Put each verb in brackets into a suitable passive form.

  • The dog on the corner (feed) __________ by my friend. (Present)

The dog on the corner is fed by my friend.

  • Police told me that this dog (find) __________ next to my house. (Past)

Police told me that this dog was found next to my house. La policía me dijo que este perro fue encontrado (se encontró) al lado de mi casa.

  • A bone (steal) __________ by our dog. (Present Perfect)

A bone has been stolen by our dog. Un hueso ha sido robado por nuestro perro.

  • When I arrived I saw that the food (eat) __________ by your dog. (Past perfect)

When I arrived, I saw that the food had been eaten by our dog. Cuando llegué, vi que la comida había sido comida por nuestro perro. (... vi que nuestro perro se había comido la comida)

  • Your dog (look after) __________ by me (Future, Will)

Your dog will be looked after by me. Tu perro será cuidado por mí.

EXPLANATION

(Basic rules)

PRESENT SIMPLE --> Subject+is/are/am+Past Participle

  • ACTIVE: People use cars all over the world

  • PASSIVE: Cars are used all over the world

  • Los coches son utilizados (se utilizan) en todo el mundo.

PRESENT CONTINUOUS --> Subject+is/are/am+being+Past Participle

  • ACTIVE: She is writing a letter now

  • PASSIVE: A letter is being written now

  • Se está escribiendo una carta ahora (Una cartas está siendo escrita ahora)

PAST SIMPLE --> Subject+was/were+Past Participle

  • ACTIVE: They built this building 50 years ago

  • PASSIVE: This building was built 50 years ago

  • Este edificio fue construido hace 50 años

PAST CONTINUOUS --> Subject+was/were+being+Past Participle

  • ACTIVE: Tomas was fixing your car

  • PASSIVE: Your car was being fixed by Tomas

  • Tu coche estaba siendo arreglado por Tomás.

PRESENT PERFECT --> Subject +have/has+been+Past Participle

  • ACTIVE: A dog has bitten me

  • PASSIVE: I have been bitten by a dog

  • He sido mordido por un perro

PAST PERFECT --> Subject +had+been+Past Participle

  • ACTIVE: They had stolen a watch

  • PASSIVE: A watch had been stolen

  • Un reloj había sido robado

WILL / MODALS --> Subject+MODAL+be+Past Participle

  • ACTIVE: John will watch this film

  • PASSIVE: This film will be watched by John

  • Esta película será vista por John

BE GOING TO --> Subject+am/is/are+going+to+be+Past Participle

  • ACTIVE: Your friends are going to buy a TV

  • PASSIVE: A TV is going to be bought by your friends.

  • Una televisión va a ser comprada por tus amigos.

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